What’s on the menu for immune support?

What’s on the menu for immune support?

  • June 14, 2021

Immune support has been on the public radar a lot lately—for reasons that, at this point, are so obvious as not to need restating.

But what’s impossible to understate is the extent to which consumers, keen on toughening their inner defenses, have responded either by drafting immune-boosting supplements into the fight against emerging threats, or by seeking safe harbor in the antioxidant protection of whole fruits and vegetables.

Or, in the case of a growing battalion, by earmarking a portion of their health-defense budgets for accumulating an arsenal of functional foods and beverages strategically formulated to strengthen immunity.

The entire health and wellness industry could gain from their efforts, wagers Cashtyn Lovan, marketing manager, Cargill Health Technologies (Ankeny, IA). As she points out, “It’s not so much that consumers are turning away from supplements,” she says, “as that they’re now expecting more from their food and beverage choices, too.”

And with brands recruiting promising immune-support ingredients into applications as appealing as they are effective, consumers are finding their expectations being met.

Feeling Good About Feeling Better

One of the more remarkable stories to emerge from the pandemic has been consumers’ awakening not just to immune health but to its relationship to diet and nutrition. And that awakening has rewarded the dietary supplement industry mightily.

“As we’ve witnessed over the past year,” says Lior Lewensztain, founder and CEO, That’s It. (Los Angeles), “immune-related supplements experienced a dramatic spike in demand as consumers looked for ways to proactively manage their health and immunity in the midst of a global pandemic.”

Pointing to SPINS data from late 2020, he says, “The U.S. supplements channel grew more than 40% over the previous year—a stunning increase, even in a space that was expecting consistent growth in the coming years.”

And this rising interest in immunity didn’t begin with the pandemic, either, Lovan points out—nor will it end with it. She cites data from HealthFocus International demonstrating that as far back as 2018, 4% of consumers claimed always to choose foods and beverages to boost their immune systems. “And by the fourth quarter of 2020,” she says, “that number had jumped to 13%.”

Another sign that immunity is here to stay: “The trend of consuming immune-health ingredients is shifting to a year-round strategy,” observes Maria Stanieich, marketing manager, Kyowa Hakko USA Inc. (New York, NY), “now that individuals are looking to support their immune systems proactively and consistently.”

Immunity on the Menu

Not only are consumers leaning into immunity these days; they’re learning about it, too—which is driving interest in attaining it via functional formulation.

As Lewensztain explains, “We’ve seen that consumers have had the time and interest over the past year to explore and research natural ways to improve and support their immune systems—and they’re looking beyond just supplementing with pills to shift more of their interest toward integrating food products with functional and immune benefits into their daily diets.”

Granted, Ali Webster, PhD, RD, director of research and nutrition communications, International Food Information Council (IFIC; Washington, DC), cautions that “while we know overall good nutrition is important to maintaining optimal immune health, there’s no clear evidence that any specific food or nutrient can provide a quick fix.”

Nevertheless, she continues, “It’s also clear that Americans have a sustained interest in the role that foods and certain nutrients can play in supporting immune health.” And that interest, in turn, is inspiring functional product development.

Immunity in a Bottle (or Can)

A lot of the action that’s happening is in the functional-beverage space, claims John Quilter, vice president of global portfolio, ProActive Health, Kerry (Beloit, WI). “Between 2016 and 2019—long before the events of 2020—launches of beverage products with an immunity claim grew 9% in the juice category, 43% in flavored bottled waters, and 32% in energy drinks,” he notes, citing data from Innova Market Insights.

None of which surprises Ilana Orlofsky, senior marketing manager, Imbibe (Niles, IL). As beverage-development specialists, her team has found that while immune-enhancing formulation has been a consistent project theme over the years, “We’ve seen a real surge of these requests in the past 12 months.”

The requests run the beverage gamut from juices, syrups, and powdered mixes to shots, sparkling water, and more. “They aren’t relegated to just one category or format,” Orlofsky says.

What’s more, Big Beverage is even getting in on the act. Case in point: Mountain Dew Rise incorporates vitamin C “to validate its immune-support claim,” she says, while PepsiCo’s LifeWTR immune-support SKU “leans on 10% of the RDV for zinc.”

Then there are the brands “that may not be household names,” she continues, but that are still moving the innovation needle, like Hellowater’s Defense line of fiber waters, Riff’s Sparkling Energy+ line with antioxidants, and Jordan’s Skinny Mixes’ Citrus Splash flavor, which delivers vitamins C and B12 and zinc.

So why are consumers drinking their way to immunity?

“A lower barrier to entry, or a lower commitment, is a big driver for functional beverages in general,” Orlofsky posits. “There’s validity to the premise that building a habit of taking a pill or gummy until you’ve gone through a bottle of 60 to 100—or more—requires much more devotion than drinking a 2.5-oz shot or 12-oz can once or twice.”

And when it comes to fueling interest in functional foods writ large, she adds, “We know that younger consumers are adventurous, and big proponents of snackification, which we believe holds appeal partly because it exposes them to more flavor profiles and sensory experiences—dimensions that resonate with Gen Z and Millennials.” And the experiential is what functional snacking and sipping is all about.

Usual Suspects

The actives working behind the scenes in those functional snacks and sips include both established immunity players and emerging nutrients just beginning to compile research records.

Speaking to the former, Orlofsky says, “the alphabet vitamins—A through E,” along with zinc, elderberry, echinacea, turmeric, and ginger all rank high among the immunity ingredients Imbibe is watching.

“We’re also seeing some fruits naturally rich in vitamin C pop up more,” she adds, “and we predict there will be more movement in these for the next several years.” Acerola cherry and camu camu both fall into that class.

Beta Version

“Another ingredient showing promise is beta-glucan,” she goes on, which she notes not only benefits immune health but is one of the actives present in trendy medicinal mushrooms, too.

Quilter points out that Kerry’s Wellmune, a natural yeast beta-glucan with immune benefits backed by more than a dozen published peer-reviewed clinical studies, has been a regular in immune supplements for years. But now it’s appearing in functional foods and beverages, as well.

“Last year, Charles & Alice, a leading manufacturer of healthy fruit and vegetable-based snacks, launched Fruit Friends Fortified Fruit Pouches with Wellmune for the U.S. market,” he points out. Also new in 2020, Simpl Innovative’s Phab protein powders and RTD shakes were India’s first protein beverages formulated with yeast beta-glucan for immune health, he claims.

“These are two very different products in different markets,” Quilter says, “but what they share is their ability to leverage the science behind Wellmune to demonstrate its real immune benefits—and when it comes to immune health, scientific substantiation is everything.”

Kim Edwards, global product manager, Kemin Human Nutrition and Health (Des Moines, IA), agrees, noting that in the Asia-Pacific region, algae has a long history of credibility in functional foods and beverages. What’s more, she says, Kemin’s BetaVia Complete, a beta-glucan sourced from a proprietary strain of Euglena gracilis algae, has shown up in everything from functional beverages, shots, and energy bars to eggrolls, fruit jellies, and soups.

“North America is just starting to take notice and formulate with this ingredient,” she says, “but we expect to see significant sales growth in various functional foods and beverages in the coming year.”

The beta-glucan’s benefits stem from its ability to prime the macrophages and dendritic cells that serve as “the body’s first line of natural defense,” Edwards explains, as well as from its promotion of healthy Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria species and contribution to GI-tract integrity. What’s more, she underscores the algal ingredient’s “excellent fit” with plant-based product positioning.

Going Pro—and Pre, and Post

According to Kishan Vasani, cofounder and CEO of Spoonshot AI (St. Paul, MN), “We expect probiotics and prebiotics to gain greater traction in the coming year as a means to overall immunity.” And the reason is elementary. “Consumers are already quite familiar with these ingredients, and there’s growing research to highlight how important gut health is to overall health and wellness. As such, it won’t be difficult to convince consumers that probiotics and prebiotics can play an important role in their overall immunity.”

Lewensztain even goes so far as to call probiotics “the real standouts of the past year for their immune-boosting benefits.” In an effort to bring those benefits to out-and-about consumers, That’s It. formulated probiotics into their probiotic fruit bars. “One of the biggest breakthroughs of these bars is that they’ve made probiotics totally snackable,” Lewensztain says. “Not only are they packed with prebiotics and a serving of fruit; they’re also shelf stable and don’t require refrigeration.”

Shintaro Ichikawa, PhD, director, technical affairs, Kyowa Hakko USA Inc. (New York, NY), notes that his company’s Immuse ingredient isn’t a garden-variety probiotic, but, rather, a “novel paraprobiotic”—a patented strain of Lactococcus lactis that activates the immune system’s plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs).

This “rare type of immune cell often described as the ‘commander-in-chief’ of the immune system,” Ichikawa explains, helps to organize the NK, killer T, helper T, and B cells that “take action for a more comprehensive approach to immune support.” That differentiates Immuse’s mechanism of action from that of conventional lactic-acid bacteria, which don’t act on pDCs, he adds.

And extending the probiotic narrative even further are postbiotics, bioactive compounds comprising microbial cells, cellular constituents, and metabolites that microbes produce during fermentation and that confer health benefits on their hosts.

It’s only been within the past few years that postbiotics have blipped onto radars, Lovan says, but Cargill’s EpiCor postbiotic—a yeast fermentate shown in more than a dozen published studies to promote immune health via gut-microbiota modulation—is already appearing in functional formulations.

Not being living organisms—as are probiotics—postbiotics are also more formulation-friendly, adds Justin Green, PhD, director of scientific affairs at Cargill Health Technologies. And with its heat and pH tolerance as well as a three-year shelf life from the date of manufacture, Cargill’s EpiCor offers “increased stability and consistency in formulations ranging from nutrition bars and beverage shots to teas, gummies, and chocolate coatings,” he says, “where the daily efficacious dose for adults of 500 mg is quite manageable.”

Cargill proprietary research even shows that roughly one-third of consumers already recognize postbiotics as contributing to a healthier gut and immune system, Lovan says. No wonder she’s bullish on them. “While they’re still very new to foods and beverages,” she says, “given their scientifically backed benefits, we think that demand for products containing postbiotics will continue to gain traction.”

As will demand for immune-boosting functional foods and beverages in general.

A Registered Dietitian’s Review Of mindbodygreen immune support+

  • June 13, 2021

I’m incredibly grateful to have had a healthy, strong immune system for over three decades—thanks to a foundation that was established during my childhood.

I credit my sage single mother for filling our home and plates with color (fruits, vegetables, legumes, high-quality proteins, whole grains, and dairy). I vividly remember her combing the grocery store aisles and flipping over products to read Nutrition Facts labels to find 100% whole grain and whole wheat options for bread, pasta, and other grains in the 1980s and ’90s. She was ahead of her time since this was when oh-so-white processed bread dominated the carbs scene. 

Growing up, my brother and I had a modified “clean plate club” rule to follow from mom. The guidelines were as follows: Eat all of your protein and veggies; fruit is dessert; and finishing your grain carbohydrates is optional (as a carb lover, I elected not to abstain). 

Processed and canned foods (except tuna fish), snackage, chips, sweets, sodas, etc., did not make their way into our home. Out of sight, out of mind. I kid you not, I discreetly drank my first soda in seventh grade at a school dance.

On the weekends, my grandmother masterfully cooked up my grandfather’s fresh vegetables from his impressive garden, along with the healthy fish he had just caught and deboned like a pro.

GoodBelly Launches Fast Melts Perfect for On-the-Go Immune System and Digestion Support | Colorado

GoodBelly Launches Fast Melts Perfect for On-the-Go Immune System and Digestion Support | Colorado

  • June 10, 2021

BOULDER, Colo., June 10, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — GoodBelly, maker of delicious, highly efficacious probiotic products, today announced the launch of a new line of quick-dissolving, fruity probiotic powder, called GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts. An innovative, convenient format for probiotic consumption, Fast Melts are shelf stable probiotic powders that deliver impactful, scientifically proven doses of probiotics in each serving. Available in two varieties – strawberry flavored with immunity support and lemon flavored with digestion support – Fast Melts are designed for easy, fun, on-the-go consumption. GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts can be enjoyed by simply pouring the powder directly into your mouth, and like magic, the probiotic powder will quickly dissolve. Alternatively, pour the GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts into a small amount of water or another beverage and enjoy, or simply add to a delicious smoothie.

GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts are a convenient and delicious new way to enjoy your daily dose of efficacious probiotics

The new GoodBelly To Go™ Digestion Fast Melts are made with a probiotic strain called Lactobacillus Plantarum 299v (LP299V®), evaluated in more than 16 research trials and used for 20 years to help balance the gut and promote healthy digestion.1 The GoodBelly To Go™ Immunity Fast Melts contain 1 billion live cultures, and are made from a blend of the scientifically backed strains Lactobacillus Plantarum HEAL9 and Lactobacillus Paracasei 8700:2, which together are clinically shown to support immune function.

All Fast Melts are low calorie, dairy free, contain zero added sugar, and dissolve immediately. The Strawberry flavor with immune support is also gluten free. Fast Melts are great for all ages, including children above 4 years of age, and can be easily enjoyed as part of a daily routine.

“GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts provide digestion and immunity support through an efficacious dose of probiotics, with a delicious fruit forward flavor and no added sugar,” said Juan Gluth, NextFoods Inc., makers of GoodBelly, CEO.  “At GoodBelly, probiotics is all we do. We are passionate about gut health and only use the most widely researched strains to promote healthy digestion.”

Maintaining a strong immune system is more important than ever. With 70% of the body’s immune system connected to the digestive tract, a properly functioning digestive system is essential to maintaining overall health. GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts offer a powerful daily dose of efficacious probiotics to help boost immunity and digestion. As the maker of the number one natural probiotic juice in the country2, GoodBelly is solely focused on delivering the highest quality probiotics in appealing and innovative formats, and this launch is a natural extension of the brand’s expertise.

“Our work is guided by the belief that better health starts in your belly, including immunity, and our team is proud to share a whole new, enjoyable way consumers can support their overall wellness,” continued Gluth.

GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts are available now on Amazon.comImmunity and Digestion – and retail for between $19.99$24.99/30 servings. For more information, visit GoodBelly.com or follow the brand on Instagram at @GoodBellyProbiotics.

About GoodBelly by NextFoods, Inc.

GoodBelly, by NextFoods, Inc., was founded in Boulder, Colo., in 2006 by two natural products industry veterans, Todd Beckman and Steve Demos, who shared a vision to empower consumers to achieve a better quality of life through functional solutions. Today, GoodBelly is recognized as a probiotic pioneer, intent on improving people’s lives by delivering impactful probiotics through convenient and efficacious foods, beverages and supplements. GoodBelly offerings are all made with the well-studied probiotic strains. All beverages contain Lactobacillus Plantarum 299v (LP299V®), which has been scientifically shown to help establish intestinal balance and can support overall digestive and immune health when consumed daily.* GoodBelly is available nationwide in natural, specialty, conventional, mass and convenience retailers. Shoppers can also purchase GoodBelly direct at https://www.Amazon.com or Shop.GoodBelly.com.

1 Some studies suggest that GoodBelly’s probiotics may help balance bacteria in your gut when consumed daily as part of a nutritious diet and healthy lifestyle. GoodBelly is a food product and not a treatment or cure for any medical disorder or disease. If you have any concerns about your digestive system, you should consult a healthcare professional.

2 IRI Database, L52wk ending 5/15/21

Elexis Schroder                                     

SchroderHaus                                       

720-352-3961                                       

SOURCE GoodBelly by NextFoods, Inc.

GoodBelly Launches Fast Melts Perfect for On-the-Go Immune System and Digestion Support

GoodBelly Launches Fast Melts Perfect for On-the-Go Immune System and Digestion Support

  • June 10, 2021

All Fast Melts are low calorie, dairy free, contain zero added sugar, and dissolve immediately. The Strawberry flavor with immune support is also gluten free. Fast Melts are great for all ages, including children above 4 years of age, and can be easily enjoyed as part of a daily routine.

“GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts provide digestion and immunity support through an efficacious dose of probiotics, with a delicious fruit forward flavor and no added sugar,” said Juan Gluth, NextFoods Inc., makers of GoodBelly, CEO.  “At GoodBelly, probiotics is all we do. We are passionate about gut health and only use the most widely researched strains to promote healthy digestion.”

Maintaining a strong immune system is more important than ever. With 70% of the body’s immune system connected to the digestive tract, a properly functioning digestive system is essential to maintaining overall health. GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts offer a powerful daily dose of efficacious probiotics to help boost immunity and digestion. As the maker of the number one natural probiotic juice in the country2, GoodBelly is solely focused on delivering the highest quality probiotics in appealing and innovative formats, and this launch is a natural extension of the brand’s expertise.

“Our work is guided by the belief that better health starts in your belly, including immunity, and our team is proud to share a whole new, enjoyable way consumers can support their overall wellness,” continued Gluth.

GoodBelly To Go™ Fast Melts are available now on Amazon.com – Immunity and Digestion – and retail for between $19.99$24.99/30 servings. For more information, visit GoodBelly.com or follow the brand on Instagram at @GoodBellyProbiotics.

About GoodBelly by NextFoods, Inc.
GoodBelly, by NextFoods, Inc., was founded in Boulder, Colo., in 2006 by two natural products industry veterans, Todd Beckman and Steve Demos, who shared a vision to empower consumers to achieve a better quality of life through functional solutions. Today, GoodBelly is recognized as a probiotic pioneer, intent on improving people’s lives by delivering impactful probiotics through convenient and efficacious foods, beverages and supplements. GoodBelly offerings are all made with the well-studied probiotic strains. All beverages contain Lactobacillus Plantarum 299v (LP299V®), which has been scientifically shown to help establish intestinal balance and can support overall digestive and immune health when consumed daily.* GoodBelly is available nationwide in natural, specialty, conventional, mass and convenience retailers. Shoppers can also purchase GoodBelly direct at https://www.Amazon.com or Shop.GoodBelly.com.

To learn more and connect, visit www.goodbelly.com, or follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

1 Some studies suggest that GoodBelly’s probiotics may help balance bacteria in your gut when consumed daily as part of a nutritious diet and healthy lifestyle. GoodBelly is a food product and not a treatment or cure for any medical disorder or disease. If you have any concerns about your digestive system, you should consult a healthcare professional.
2 IRI Database, L52wk ending 5/15/21

MEDIA CONTACT
Elexis Schroder                                     
SchroderHaus                                       
720-352-3961                                       
[email protected]    

SOURCE GoodBelly by NextFoods, Inc.

Related Links

https://goodbelly.com/

This Advanced Multivitamin Uses Mushrooms to Support a Health Immune System

This Advanced Multivitamin Uses Mushrooms to Support a Health Immune System

  • June 7, 2021

The age-old adage says an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but the truth is fungi is actually the best way to support your immune system and avoid becoming ill. That’s right, a recent study out of Pennsylvania State University found that mushrooms contain unusually high amounts of ergothioneine and glutathione, antioxidants known to protect cells from a variety of diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s. However, where do we find these mushrooms and how do we know, which ones will help our immune systems as we age? If you’re interested in adding the healing power of mushrooms to your diet but don’t know where or how to start, you need to know about Mushroom Design Daily Multivitamin.

Mushroom Design

Mushroom Design is a nutraceutical mushroom brand that inspires a better quality of life for humans everywhere. After years of experience in the pharmaceutical and wellness space, the founders of Mushroom Design knew it was time to change the dosage and delivery methods of mushrooms by infusing them into a multivitamin.

To do this, they went back to the drawing board to completely reinvent the multivitamin. After years of research, their experts gave the multivitamin a much-needed makeover by taking nine cell-regenerating vitamins and pairing them with nine immune-boosting mushrooms. Resulting in a multi-vitamin that boosts immunity and fills in the nutritional gaps, unlike anything you’ve ever taken.

Mushroom Design

In order to design the world’s best supplement, featuring the mushrooms you need to fortify your immunity, Mushroom Design honed in on how their supplement is made and ingested. It all starts with the blue beads inside their pill. These beads aren’t just beautiful to look at—they’re designed for maximum absorption, AKA bioavailability. Like us, mushrooms contain both water-soluble and oil-soluble components. Keeping this nutritional content in its natural state allows the body to absorb it more efficiently and effectively. Oh, and that blue color? It’s all-natural, too, because it’s colored with cabbage.

Not only that, high-quality ingredients are potent, which means less is more, especially when it comes to maintaining your body’s healthiest version of equilibrium. In fact, too much immunological support can stress your system—putting your body into fight-or-flight mode. Because of this, the dosage of Mushroom Design multivitamins are consistent with the recommended daily allowance by the National Institute of Health.

Mushroom Design

Used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine, mushrooms are able to detect when things aren’t quite right in the body, then report back to the rest of the body to remain on high alert. To make the best multivitamin to support and strengthen your immune system, Mushroom Design starts the process with nine cell-regenerating vitamins that are essential to your health, but also offset the mushrooms, which are handpicked to not only strengthen your immune system, but bring you optimum health benefits.

These immune-boosting, life-changing mushrooms are:

Chaga: They’re high in naturally occurring beta-glucans and triterpenes, specifically betulinic acid and inotodiol, which serve to support the immune system. Betulinic acid is known to support cholesterol and blood glucose levels already in the normal range.

Cordyceps: In addition to being rich in beta-glucans and triterpenes, cordyceps helps maintain cell integrity to strengthen your immune system while supporting aerobic cellular metabolism aka how your body creates energy via carbohydrates, amino acids, and fats in the presence of oxygen.

Reishi: The triterpenes (specifically ganoderic- and lucidenic-acids) found in Reishi mushrooms aid in maintaining currently normal levels of blood pressure while supporting the circulatory system. Additionally, ACE inhibitory peptides found in reishi support normal and healthy heart function.

Lion’s Mane: These mushrooms are rich in diterpenes that support the nervous system. Two diterpenes found in Lion’s Mane, hericenones and erinacines, support brain health. Additionally, Lion’s Mane also supports the digestive system and immune system.

Maitake: Maitake mushrooms contain numerous polysaccharides that are highly bioactive in the form of alpha and beta-glucans that support the immune system and help to maintain blood glucose levels in the normal range. MT-α-glucans, Maitake-D-fractions (MDF), and Maitake Z-fractions (MZF), and GFPBW1 also support the immune system while also helping maintain normal blood glucose levels.

Shitake: This powerhouse mushroom contains a specific immune-supporting beta-glucan, as well as a class of molecules called purines (that include eritadenine), to help maintain normal cholesterol levels. Shiitake mushrooms are also high in copper, an essential mineral that humans can’t create on their own – and they contain the antioxidant L-ergothioneine aka helping your immune system stay strong.

Oyster: Naturally full of niacin, a major component of NAD and NADP, two coenzymes that support cellular metabolism, oyster mushrooms help maintain normal cholesterol levels. They also contain peptide pleurostrine, as well as the beta-glucan pleuran, which boosts the immune system.

Turkey Tail: Together, the 2 beta-glucans, PSK (polysaccharide-k) and PSP (polysaccharide peptide) found in Turkey Tail supports your body’s immune function to keep you from getting sick.

Agarikon: A lesser-known, lesser studied, but equally (if not more) powerful fungi than many, agarikon has shown to support the immune system thanks to lanostane triterpenoids, chlorinated coumarins, agaric acid.

Powered by nature and dosed by scientists, Mushroom Design is a first-of-its-kind multivitamin designed to support and not overstimulate your immune system. You can purchase it now with a 30 day, money-back guarantee, if you’re not satisfied. So what are you waiting for? Boost your immune system with Mushroom Design, the world’s best multivitamin.

Futurism fans: To create this content, a non-editorial team worked with an affiliate partner. We may collect a small commission on items purchased through this page. This post does not necessarily reflect the views or the endorsement of the Futurism.com editorial staff.

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5 Best Vitamin C Supplements for Immune Support

  • June 2, 2021

By Storyhub

Vitamin C is one of the most important micronutrients for boosting your immune system. It helps repair the damaged tissues in your body and strengthens your system enough to fight invading organisms.

Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant. It prevents oxidative stress and cellular damage by free radicals in the body. By preventing cellular damage, vitamin C reduces the risk of cancer and diseases of several organs in your body, and also slows the aging process.

Studies have shown that Vitamin C also decreases the length of cold and flu symptoms by days, even though it may not prevent you from catching a cold.

The most common source of vitamin C is fruits. You’ll find it in potatoes, tomatoes, citrus fruits like lime and oranges, green and red bell peppers, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and kiwifruit among others.

However, not so many people include fruits in their diet daily. Also, fruits and vegetables can lose vitamin C when heated or stored in warm areas for a long period. So, some people who eat these fruits and vegetables still don’t the maximum amount of vitamin C needed for a healthy immune system.

There’s still room for improvement.

One of the best ways to get your RDI of vitamin C daily is by taking supplements. This way, even when you’re not having enough fruits and vegetables in your diet, or even none at all, you’ll still have enough vitamin C to keep you healthy.

There are thousands of supplements available on the market. They list similar benefits, so you never know which is best for you. To help you select the right immune support supplement, our researchers went through hundreds of products and selected the best 5 based on the composition, properties, side effects, and benefits they confer.

Let’s get started with the best of All.

Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C

Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C is our best vitamin C supplement for strengthening the immune system especially during these covid times. It contains 1500mg vitamin C that is quickly absorbed into your bloodstream. The highest amount of vitamin C you should take daily is 2,000mg. Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C gives you almost all the highest amount you can get daily.

Unlike the traditional vitamin C supplements, Optimunity vitamin C doesn’t degrade when it gets into the stomach. It is not affected by stomach acids or excreted. Instead, it uses liposomes to protect the vitamin C, so, it is completely absorbed into the bloodstream and transported to the cells that need it.

It offers full protection from pathogenic microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria and protects you from fevers and flu.

Buy Now at Lowest Price

Ingredients

The ingredients in Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C include:

– Fat-soluble proprietary liposomal complex made up of Ascorbyl Oleate, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Cetyl Ascorbate, Phosphatidylcholine, and Sunflower lecithin

– Vegetable cellulose (capsules)

– Magnesium vegetable stearate.

– Rice flour.

All the ingredients are non-GMO, soy-free, gluten-free, and contain no artificial preservatives.

Benefits

1. It is a potent immune booster.

2. Prevents respiratory illnesses and other diseases.

3. Reduces the risks of cancer, heart diseases, stroke, and arthritis.

4. Regulates blood pressure levels.

5. Increases your energy levels, allowing you to exercise better.

6. Has strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

7. Promotes healthy aging.

8. Improves memory and brain function.

9. Promotes healthy skin.

Side Effects

Optimunity has no known side effects. Unlike other vitamin C supplements that cause stomach upsets when taken in high quantities, Optimunity users haven’t recorded any negative side effects when consuming the 1,500mg vitamin C daily.

How to Use Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C

A bottle of Optimunity contains 120 vegetable capsules (2 capsules per serving). So, each bottle will last you for 2 months.

The best way to take this supplement is with a glass of water during your meal.

Customers have observed increased energy levels only days after taking the supplement. However, it is recommended to take the supplement for at least 3 months.

Where to Get Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C

You can get this premium supplement on the official Optimunity website. The starter pack costs only $39.95, while the Optimunity Love and Optimunity Max packages cost $98.95 and $189.95 respectively.

Get Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C at the Best Price

Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C

Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C provides you with only 500mg of vitamin C per tablet. This is not up to the amount of vitamin C you get from Optimunity. But, Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C has been used by over 40,000 people who have all recorded positive results from taking the supplement.

This Vitamin C supplement improves the action of white blood cells in the body. It also has strong antioxidant properties and prevents the premature aging of cells.

According to the company, they are committed to safety and purity in all their products. This vitamin C supplement is not an exception. All the ingredients used are non-GMO, gluten-free, sugar-free, and contain no preservatives, artificial coloring, or sweeteners.

Let’s take a look at the ingredients used to make this immune-boosting supplement.

Ingredients

Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C contains:

– 500mg Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid).

– <2% silica.

– Vegetable cellulose.

– Vegetable stearic acid.

– Vegetable magnesium stearate.

Benefits

– Prevents the aging of the skin and other cells in the body.

– Boosts the immune system.

– Shortens recovery time when you get the flu or a bad cold.

Side Effects

There are no known side effects of Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C. However, the pills are too large and difficult to swallow, and it doesn’t taste great.

How to Use Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C

Take a tablet daily during your meal. To make it easier to swallow, take it with some water before you swallow, and during ingestion.

Where to Get Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C

You can get Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C from Official Website for $16.99.

NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C

NutriFlair is a liposomal vitamin C supplement, just like Optimunity. It also provides your body with a high amount of vitamin C (1,600mg), most of which is retained for use by your cells.

This fat-soluble vitamin C supplement is easy to swallow and provides your body with many amazing benefits including strengthening your immune and nervous system.

Many people enjoy taking this supplement because it provides enough benefits without breaking the bank.

All the ingredients used are also non-GMO, gluten-free, soy-free, dairy-free, and have been tested by third-party for purity, quality, and potency.

The brand is trusted by thousands of people worldwide, and they always deliver top-quality products.

Ingredients

The ingredients in NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C include:

– A blend of Ascorbyl Palmitate, Ascorbyl Oleate, Sunflower Lecithin, Phosphatidylcholine, and Cetyl Ascorbate.

– Vegetable capsule (Non-GMO plant cellulose).

Benefits

– Increases collagen production, resulting in better nails and skin.

– Promotes the activity of immune cells, and increases the chances of fighting pathogenic microorganisms.

– Supports healthy brain and heart function.

– Decreases muscle soreness.

– Improves blood circulation and prevents high blood pressure.

– Increases calcium and iron absorption,

– Lightens your mood.

Side Effects

There are no known side effects of NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C.

How to Use NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C

A bottle of NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C contains 180 capsules. Take 2 capsules daily with a glass of water during your meal, or as directed by your healthcare professional.

The 2 capsules will provide you with 1,600mg of vitamin C (800mg each).

Do not use more than the recommended dose. If you are under the age of 18, a pregnant woman, a nursing mother, or have a known medical condition, contact your doctor or physician before use.

Where to Get NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C

You can get NutriFlair Liposomal Vitamin C on the official website or Amazon for $18.95.

DACHA Liposomal Vitamin C

DACHA vitamin C also uses liposomal technology to deliver the vitamin to your body, increasing the absorption and retention rate.

It provides you with 1,500mg of vitamin C, just like Optimunity. This improves your immune system and overall strength and provides other health benefits we’ll be seeing below.

Over 10,000 people have used this supplement and given positive reviews. However, a few people have mentioned not seeing any positive changes even after using the supplement.

Nevertheless, it remains one of the best vitamin C supplements for immune support available on the market.

Ingredients

Proprietary liposomal vitamin C complex is the main ingredient in DACHA Liposomal vitamin C. This complex is made of Ascorbyl Oleate, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Cetyl Ascorbate, Phosphatidyl Choline, and Sunflower lecithin.

Sunflower lecithin and phosphatidylcholine help to create the liposomal environment that allows for better absorption by the body.

The supplement also contains vegetable cellulose (veggie capsules).

Benefits

1. Helps prevent infections and diseases by boosting the immune system.

2. Increases collagen production that keeps the skin healthy.

3. Prevents high blood pressure.

4. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties prevent cellular damage and cancer of the heart and other organs in your body.

5. Improves the utilization of iron and folic acid.

Side Effects

DACHA Liposomal Vitamin C may have some side effects on people that are highly sensitive to any of the ingredients. It is also not good for pregnant women.

How to Use DACHA Liposomal Vitamin C

A bottle of DACHA Liposomal Vitamin C contains 200 capsules.

Take 1 capsule in the morning before your meal, and another capsule at midday. Swallow the capsule with an 8oz glass of water.

Where to Get DACHA Liposomal Vitamin C

DACHA Liposomal Vitamin C is available on the official website or Amazon for $17.97. The company gives a refund at any time to anyone who isn’t happy with the product.

NOW Supplements, Vitamin C-1000

The NOW Supplements Vitamin C is not a liposomal vitamin C supplement. However, it provides your body with 1,000mg of vitamin C per serving.

This supplement increases your body’s collagen production, improving the bones, skin, and joint health. It also has adequate antioxidant properties, ensuring that your cells, tissues, and organs remain healthy and are not damaged by free radicals that are formed during your body’s metabolism.

Let’s see the raw materials used to produce NOW Supplements Vitamin C – 1000.

Ingredients

The ingredients in NOW Supplements, Vitamin C-1000 include:

– Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid).

– 25mg Rosehips powder (Rosa canina).

– 25mg Citrus bioflavonoid complex.

– Microcrystalline cellulose.

– Magnesium stearate (vegetable source).

– Vegetable coating.

This supplement is vegan-friendly and contains no soy, sugar, gluten, wheat, egg, shellfish, milk, yeast, starch, or any artificial preservatives.

Benefits

1. Protects the body from infection by pathogenic microorganisms by boosting the immune system.

2. Promotes healthy skin, nails, and bones.

3. Improves heart health.

4. Regulates your blood pressure.

5. Prevents cellular damage by free radicals.

6. Increases body energy levels.

Side Effects

NOW Supplements Vitamin C-1000 could cause stomach upset if the dosage is not followed.

How to Use NOW Supplements, Vitamin C-1000

Take only 1 tablet daily with a glass of water.

After usage, store in a cool, dry place.

This supplement is for adult use only. Also, pregnant and nursing women should contact their physician before taking this medication.

Where to Get NOW Supplements, Vitamin C-1000

You can get NOW Supplement Vitamin C-1000 on the Nowfoods website. The supplement comes in two different packages. The 100-tablet pack costs $12.99 while the 250-tablet pack costs $27.99 per bottle.

Bottom Line

Taking Vitamin-C supplements is a sure way to improve your immune system. Even though you’re not getting enough from your diet, you still meet your RDI of vitamin C and don’t have to worry about falling ill.

Of all the vitamin C supplements listed above, Optimunity Liposomal Vitamin C has the best properties and is the most-trusted by customers. It provides your body with 1,500mg vitamin C with effective liposome protection that allows for full utilization by your cells.

As you get one of the vitamin C supplements listed above, remember that a healthy immune system does not come from taking these supplements alone. Improve your diet, sleep well, and exercise regularly.


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Leading CBD, gummy manufacturer Global Widget launches Defense Boost line of immune support gummies

Leading CBD, gummy manufacturer Global Widget launches Defense Boost line of immune support gummies

  • May 7, 2021

TAMPA, Fla., May 7, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — Global Widget, the manufacturer and distributor of CBD brands Hemp Bombs® and Nature’s Script™, announced the launch of a health and wellness line of gummies called Defense Boost™ that uses natural ingredients such as elderberry and apple cider vinegar to help support the body’s immune system.

“We’ve always been focused on health and well-being with our CBD brands, and especially now people are looking for more choice, more convenience, and more enjoyable ways to stay healthy,” said co-founder Kevin Collins. “We’ve expanded our in-house gummy manufacturing capacity and capabilities to introduce non-CBD products that specifically help people boost and maintain their immune systems.”

Collins added that the company’s mission has always been to anticipate exactly what consumers want in a health and wellness product, and to make those products accessible and affordable to those who want them. 

The company recently featured Defense Boost on its podcast. You can listen to the episode here or download on your favorite podcast platform.

Global Widget’s Hemp Bombs is the country’s top-selling CBD brand in the retail convenience space, selling more CBD than all other competitors combined, according to third-party industry data from IRI and SPINS.

Defense Boost, available in retail stores and online, is a natural fit after the company expanded its manufacturing and distribution facility to accommodate its private brand division. The company now has the capacity to produce millions of gummies daily, with more confectionary machines coming online this year.

Defense Boost gummies come in four varieties, available in 12-count, on-the-go bags for a MSRP of $5.99 per package:

  • Elderberry, with 50 mg of elderberry per gummy
  • Apple Cider Vinegar, with 50 mg of apple cider vinegar per gummy
  • Vitamin C, with 23 mg of vitamin C per gummy
  • Sleep, with 5 mg of the sleep aid melatonin per gummy

The gummies are formulated using carefully selected ingredients and can be taken daily as part of a wellness routine.

“We make amazing gummies, and the response has been tremendous with our existing distribution network,” said Vince Gillen, vice president of sales at Global Widget. “Our job is to help our food, drug and mass retailers meet consumer demand and stay on top of growing trends.”

For information on Defense Boost, retailers can visit www.defenseboost.com.

About Us
Global Widget, founded in 2016 and headquartered in Tampa, Florida, is a vertically integrated CPG manufacturer, distributor and marketer of CBD and health and wellness products, and a leader in gummy production and packaging. The company is the trusted powerhouse behind the iconic CBD brand Hemp Bombs, along with health and wellness brands, Defense Boost, Mystic Labs and Black Diamond Kratom. With more than 110,000 square feet of facility space and more than 200 employees, Global Widget is one of the nation’s largest CBD companies and a leading contract manufacturer providing quality products and support services to retailers and distributors worldwide. www.globalwidget.com.

Media Contact:
Joe Agostinelli, PR Manager
813.497.5752 
[email protected]

SOURCE Global Widget

Related Links

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Micronutrients to support the immune system against COVID-19 – Manila Bulletin

Micronutrients to support the immune system against COVID-19 – Manila Bulletin

  • May 4, 2021

No vax yet? No worries

DISEASE PREVENTION Fruits and vegetables are good sources of micronutrients

If the coronavirus has taught us one thing, it is to keep our health in check. Aside from spending more time with family, discovering cooking, and developing a love for plants, most have also started to be more mindful of what they put in their bodies. This is a good thing, because while the country is still waiting for the majority of the vaccines to arrive, one’s next best defense against COVID-19 is a healthy body and a strong immune system.

Some studies have shown that certain micronutrients may help against this dreaded disease. So what are the important micronutrients to consider to help strengthen the body’s defenses against COVID-19?

When the body is healthy, the immune system functions well too. The immune system works by its innate and adaptive response. When a pathogen such as bacteria or a virus enters the body, the innate or nonspecific response immediately kills the pathogen before it even proliferates. If the pathogen, however, becomes too strong for the innate immune system to control, then the adaptive response comes in. The adaptive immune response has a much slower yet a more specific and targeted response to pathogens. This means they can recognize certain pathogens and provide a protection to the individual, either for a period of time or for a lifetime. The problem arises when there is a weakened immune system that means one is more susceptible to disease.

When COVID-19 hit in late 2019, scientists began to study and were able to determine that those who had health conditions such as diabetes, heart and lung problems, chronic disease, and were obese and of advanced age were more likely to suffer severe illness from the novel coronavirus. This is because these factors can increase the risk of having a weakened immune system.

Unfortunately, for a lot of individuals, health has taken a backseat. According to global statistics from the World Health Organization, worldwide obesity has tripled since 1975, the top cause of death worldwide is cardiovascular disease, and one in four adults do not get enough physical activity. Now, this pandemic has shown how important it is to keep our health in check.

In the absence of vaccines, what should one do? Aside from maintaining social distancing, wearing face masks and shields, and washing hands regularly, keeping the body healthy and strong is key. This includes exercising, eating healthy food, sleeping well, avoiding or refraining from smoking or drinking. Adding important micronutrients may also be key to combat the disease. According to Gröber & Holick (2021), micronutrients such as vitamins A, C, D, selenium, and zinc could help strengthen the immune system against infections, including COVID-19.

1. Vitamin A. Important in immune response. This vitamin also helps in lung repair among other functions. Lack of vitamin A may impair the body’s defenses and may increase the risk of infection. Good sources of vitamin A include poultry and seafood, as well as green leafy vegetables.

2. Vitamin C. An antioxidant that helps in immune response as it protects the cells against free radicals. It also aids in white blood cell production that is also crucial in immune response. Moreover, it also has anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and anti-bacterial properties. In COVID-19 patients, it has been reported that this vitamin also helps in avoiding cytokine storms that may result in hyperinflammation. Aside from supplementation, good sources of vitamin C include citrus fruits and potatoes.

3. Vitamin D. According to research, lack of vitamin D is linked to a higher risk for COVID-19, and also has an impact on its severity (Gröber & Holick, 2021, p. 6). Vitamin D also plays a role in both innate and adaptive immunity, and it reportedly also helps prevent cytokine storms (Gröber & Holick, 2021, p. 8). Adequate sun exposure is key for the body to be able to create vitamin D. Nowadays, supplementation of this vitamin is also possible.

4. Selenium. Also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It helps against viral infections and free radicals. It has been found that those with COVID-19 have lower levels of selenium before getting infected (Gröber & Holick, 2021, p.14). Good sources of selenium include fish, meat, and poultry, aside from supplementation.

5. Zinc. This nutrient is essential in immune function. It is also known for its antiviral properties. It is reported that zinc helps in COVID-19 patients as it helps with the efficiency of drugs such as remdesivir and could also possibly inhibit the proliferation of the virus (Gröber & Holick, 2021, p.15). Moreover, zinc helps in both innate and adaptive immune response, and those who lack in zinc have a higher chance for infection. Food high in zinc includes meat, shellfish, nuts, and dairy.

Pandemic or no pandemic, vaccine or no vaccine, it is important to always keep one’s health on top of the list. To perform daily tasks more efficiently, fight disease, and live longer, make sure to always choose food and activities that promote good health. Don’t forget to have regular check-ups with your physician as well. More studies are needed on micronutrients and their role against this deadly virus. If you are planning to supplement with the suggested micronutrients above, please consult with your physician for a proper recommendation based on your age and health condition. Who knows when the next pandemic will come around? Always choose to live healthy. As they say, health truly is wealth.

Source: Gröber, U. & Holick, M. (2021). The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) – A supportive approach with selected micronutrients International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research.



 

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5 Vitamins You Need to Take to Support Your Immune System

5 Vitamins You Need to Take to Support Your Immune System

  • April 24, 2021

The immune system is one of the most important aspects of the human body as it is responsible for fighting off various germs and other unhealthy pathogens that can make us sick. However, in order for the immune system to stay healthy and do its job properly, it needs vitamins and nutrients to function.

While the food we eat for breakfast, lunch and dinner can certainly be beneficial in providing our immune system with the essential nutrients it needs, the truth of the matter is our everyday diets don’t always contain the vitamins needed to strengthen our immune health.

Luckily, getting the vitamins you need to make sure you stay well don’t have to be difficult. Juro’s Pharmacy Health & Wellness offers over an exclusive line of 170 professional-grade vitamins and supplements that can improve wellness and body function, including your immune system.

Here is a list of the 5 most important vitamins you can take to make sure your immune system stays in great shape, powered by Juro’s Pharmacy Health & Wellness:

1. Vitamin B

The Vitamin B Complex, which consists of eight vitamins, works together to fight off germs and bugs. It helps to boost the body’s defense system and keep energy levels up, which is key to maintaining a healthy immune system. When we lose energy, our body becomes susceptible to bugs.

2. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant that can boost your blood antioxidant levels. This may help reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease. Vitamin C may boost immunity by helping white blood cells function more effectively, strengthening your skin’s defense system, and helping wounds heal faster. It has been linked to many impressive health benefits, such as boosting antioxidant levels, lowering blood pressure, protecting against gout attacks, improving iron absorption, boosting immunity, and reducing heart disease and dementia risk.

3. Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency may increase your chances of getting sick, so supplementing may counteract this effect.

4. Vitamin E

The body also needs vitamin E to boost its immune system so that it can fight off invading bacteria and viruses. It helps to widen blood vessels and keep blood from clotting within them. In addition, cells use vitamin E to interact with each other and to carry out many important functions.

5. Iron

Iron is an essential mineral in the human body. Regulating iron levels is important for reducing fatigue, treating anemia, and boosting immunity, among many other health benefits.

Now that you know the five most essential vitamins to take to support your immune system, remember that Juro’s Pharmacy Health & Wellness offers an exclusive line of more than 170 professional-grade vitamins and supplements both in-store at 2043 Grand Avenue in Billings and online at www.jurospharmacy.com.

Two studies support key role for immune system in shaping SARS-CoV-2 evolution

Two studies support key role for immune system in shaping SARS-CoV-2 evolution

  • April 8, 2021
Two studies support key role for immune system in shaping SARS-CoV-2 evolution
Colorized scanning electron micrograph of an apoptotic cell (pink) heavily infected with SARS-COV-2 virus particles (green), isolated from a patient sample. Image captured at the NIAID Integrated Research Facility (IRF) in Fort Detrick, Maryland. Credit: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH, 2020

Two studies published in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens provide new evidence supporting an important role for the immune system in shaping the evolution of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. These findings—and the novel technology behind them—improve understanding of how new SARS-CoV-2 strains arise, which could help guide treatment and vaccination efforts.

For the first study, Rachel Eguia of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington, and colleagues sought to better understand SARS-CoV-2 by investigating a closely related virus that has circulated widely for a far longer period of time: the common-cold virus 229E.

229E and SARS-CoV-2 are both in the coronavirus family, which features a “spike protein” that enables infection of human cells. A person who is infected with 229E develops an immune response against the spike protein that protects them from reinfection, but only for a few years. Whether reinfection then occurs because the wears off or because 229E evolves to escape it has been unclear.

Eguia and colleagues addressed this question by testing the activity of serum samples collected from patients in the 1980s-90s against spike proteins from both old 229E strains and strains that evolved later on. They found that the old spike proteins were vulnerable to the older sera. However, modern spike proteins were able to evade older sera while remaining vulnerable to sera from modern patients.

This analysis suggests that modern strains of 229E have accumulated spike protein mutations that enable them to evade older sera. These findings raise the possibility that SARS-CoV-2 and other coronaviruses could undergo similar evolution, and that COVID-19 vaccines may require periodic updates to remain effective against new strains.

The authors add, “The human common-cold coronavirus evolves over the span of years to decades to erode neutralization by human polyclonal serum antibodies. This work suggests that human coronaviruses undergo significant antigenic evolution that may contribute to eventual re-infections.”

For the second study, Sung Hee Ko of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Maryland, and colleagues developed new technology for genetic sequencing of the SARS-CoV-2 spike , enabling detection of multiple SARS-CoV-2 strains that may be present at the same time within a single infected patient.

Previous studies have used standard sequencing methods to produce a single genetic sequence from an individual patient, obscuring the potential presence of multiple SARS-CoV-2 strains. By contrast, the new technology highlights virus diversity within each patient and enables tracking of the evolution of new SARS-CoV-2 strains during acute infection.

Indeed, when the researchers applied the new method to human respiratory samples, they found new SARS-CoV-2 variants arising within the same patient over the course of acute infection. The precise mutations in these variants suggest that they arose in response to selective pressure from the immune system.

Future application of the new technology could improve understanding of how the evolution of new SARS-CoV-2 variants within a single patient impacts their outcomes. The findings also suggest that patients might see greater benefits from early treatment with capable of targeting multiple strains, than from delayed treatment with a single antiviral drug.

The authors add, “We used new technology to show that coronavirus variants with mutated spike proteins can arise early in the course of infection. Our results suggest more virus evolution in each person than previously thought, with potential implications for clinical outcomes and for the emergence of transmissible variant strains.”

Together, these two studies deepen understanding of how new SARS-CoV-2 arise in response to activity, potentially paving the way for additional research and improved treatment.


Spike proteins of SARS-CoV-2 relatives can evolve against immune responses


More information:
Ko SH, Bayat Mokhtari E, Mudvari P, Stein S, Stringham CD, Wagner D, et al. (2021) High-throughput, single-copy sequencing reveals SARS-CoV-2 spike variants coincident with mounting humoral immunity during acute COVID-19. PLoS Pathog 17(4): e1009431. doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1009431

Eguia RT, Crawford KHD, Stevens-Ayers T, Kelnhofer-Millevolte L, Greninger AL, Englund JA, et al. (2021) A human coronavirus evolves antigenically to escape antibody immunity. PLoS Pathog 17(4): e1009453. doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1009453

Citation:
Two studies support key role for immune system in shaping SARS-CoV-2 evolution (2021, April 8)
retrieved 8 April 2021
from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-04-key-role-immune-sars-cov-evolution.html

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